Can you imagine yourself being disabled? No, you can’t, can you? It’s hard to imagine yourself being on a state of disability, especially if you are completely normal. Maybe if you have been to an accident where in you couldn’t do a single thing by yourself, then probably you have an idea what it’s like. But for the benefit of those who haven’t got an accident, have you ever thought what it would be like if you have one of the several disability types? I don’t think so. Lucky are we who are living normally everyday. That means we have everything to be thankful for every single day that passes by.
What is disability really mean and what it involves? If you have a physical or mental impairment, and if such impairment can affect your daily activities or limit you to perform daily activities, that is called disability. For example, blind people find it hard to do some things like going to school or work. However, disability does not only relate to obvious conditions such as vision or hearing disability. Actually, there are different disability types that you might care to know such as eyesight, hearing, mobility, and cognitive disability.
The following is a list of disability types:
You are considered to have an eyesight disability if you don’t have normal vision even if you wear eyeglasses or contact lenses. Visual impairment may be caused by several eye diseases like age related muscular degeneration, cataracts, and more. There are vision impairments that can be treated medically, but there also that can’t be corrected medically after accidents or inherited ocular disorders.
This disability includes people who are completely deaf. Or, have partial hearing in one or both ears. However, to correct this problem, you are required the use of a hearing aid. If you may have noticed, there are people who have hearing disability yet can still communicate through sign language.
Mobility refers to different people with varying types of physical disabilities. It is often related to individual with upper limb mobility, manual dexterity, and co-ordination problem. Mobility impairment is one of the disability types that affect movement ranging from gross motor skills like walking, to fine motor movement involving manipulation of objects by hand. Some use assistive equipment such as wheelchair or electronic strollers to be able to move around.
Cognition is another word for thinking. It includes many different functions including our abilities to pay attention, learn and retain information, solve problems, and use language to express thoughts. Cognitive disability refers to people with dyslexia, a brain-based type of learning disability that specifically impairs your ability to read, and other learning difficulties. Learning problems, on the other hand, differs from someone who has a serious mental impairment.
You may be suffering from one or more disability types, but it doesn’t mean there’s nothing that can be done about it. Disability can lower, or worse lose, your self confidence as it always does, yet you can still gain control of your life through the use of assistive equipment. Many people use them and they were able to move on and face the hardships despite their condition. So can you!