A Note On Types Of Disabilities

Various physical and mental impairments can hamper or reduce a person's ability to carry out his day to day activities. These impairments can be termed as disability of the person to do his day to day activities as previously. Let's take a note on types of disabilities here.

Mobility : This category of disability includes people with varying types of physical disabilities. This includes upper limb disability, manual dexterity and disability in co-ordination with different organs of the body. Disability in mobility can be either an in-born or acquired with age problem. It could also be the effect of some disease. People who have a broken bone also fall into this category of disability.

Spinal Cord Disability : Spinal cord injuries can sometimes lead to lifelong disabilities. This kind of injury mostly occurs due to severe accidents. The injury can be complete or incomplete. In an incomplete injury, the messages conveyed by the spinal cord is not completely lost. Whereas a complete injury results in a total dis-functioning of the sensory organs. In rarest of cases spinal cord disability can be a birth defect though.

Brain Disability : A disability in the brain occurs due to a brain injury. The magnitude of the brain injury can range from mild, moderate and severe. There are two types of brain injuries: Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) and Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). ABI is not a hereditary type defect but is the degeneration that occurs after birth. The causes of such cases of injury are many and are mainly because of external forces applied to the body parts. TBI results in emotional dysfunctioning and behavioral disturbance.

Vision Disibility : There are hundreds of thousands of people that suffer from minor to various serious vision injuries or impairments. These injuries can also result into some serious problems or diseases like blindness and ocular trauma, to name a few. Some of the common vision impairment includes scratched cornea, scratches on the sclera, diabetesw related eye conditions, dry eyes and corneal graft.

Hearing disability : This is the category that includes people that are completely or partially deaf. People who are partially dumb can use hearing-aid to do away with the hearing problem. But the situation is more worse if the deafness is complete.

Cognitive disability : It is a kind of impairment present in people who are suffering from dyslexia and various other learning difficulties. People having dyslexia face difficulties in reading, writing and speaking.