Dysgraphia Disability: An Overview


Since ages mental disability has afflicted people with its evil hands. Some people are afflicted with it since their birth, while others encounter them as the wheel of their life progresses. Dysgraphia is a type of disability, which occurs in the form of an in-born defect in people.

Dysgraphia is a kind of disability where a person finds it difficult to write things. He has distorted writing. While writing, the afflicted person will commit spelling mistakes. Such people will also find it difficult to put their ideas across the paper. The over all outcome of this is that such people will have a below average IQ level.

They have illegible handwriting but posses strong verbal skills. They will always remain confused while differentiating between words being in lower or upper case, cursive writing or normal writing. They will be unable to relocate that at what all places in the sentence they should give spaces and where they should not. While writing they would not be able to write straight on the lines provided on the paper. The person will also find it difficult to give appropriate punctuation marks with certain missing syllables.

Dysgraphia is a disability disorder that occurs due to some dysfunctioning in the nervous system. Therefore, it can be put in the category of mental disorders. While writing, a person with dysgraphia disability will hold a pen or a pencil in a very unusual manner. He will either hold the pen very close to the paper or his wrist would be twisted while writing. Besides, the speed of writing will also be very slow.

Generally, dysagraphia occurs in people in two forms. One is the specific form and the other is the non-specific form. In specific form there occurs a lack of coordination between the body parts of a person and the person also lacks correct or even average spelling and language skills. The non-specific dysgraphia on the other hand, is characterized by symptoms of being mentally retarded and due to this reason the person will remain psychologically and socially deprived.

Besides, dysgraphia can be put in three categories. They are Motor dysgraphia, Dyslexic dysgraphia and Spatial dysgraphia

In motor dysgraphia, a person has a weak muscle tone. This results in muscle clumsiness. This person also lacks sharp motor skills. While writing, the person will make spelling mistakes but will be able to write a short paragraph. But writing even a short paragraph will take him a long time. The handwriting of the person will be bad too.

In the dyslexic dysgraphia, the person will have illegible handwriting but bad spelling skills. But such a person will be equipped to copy the writings of the other person quite fairly.

In spatial dysgraphia a person will find it difficult to understand the concept of giving spaces between two words. He will be always confused about giving spaces between either two consecutive words or consecutive letters. They might also not be able to write properly, even the copied work, but their spelling skills will be slightly on the higher side.

There are available various treatments to cure dysgraphia. Since this is predominantly a neurological problem, therefore you need to take guidance of a good neurosurgeon. You may also take the help of occupational therapy, which works in the direction of strengthening the muscles and thereby bringing coordination between the body parts.