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All Types Of Learning Disabilities


Learning disability is a common problem for children affected with autism or similar conditions. To help, parents are required to familiarize themselves with the different types of learning disabilities and their characteristics. This will further help them prepare for the academic, behavioral, developmental and social emotional functioning aspects of their children.

Learning disabilities may be defined as neurological differences in the processing of information within the brain. It can severely affect a person's ability to learn a specific skill. The problem is also quite persistent and those diagnosed with it, would probably have to deal with the condition throughout their lives. As a result, they have trouble performing at school or at the workplace as well.

Disability in reading or Dyslexia is one of the most common learning problems faced by children. This disability usually manifests itself in two different ways. For instance, basic reading disabilities involve impaired foundational skills that make it difficult for children to understand the relationship between sounds, letters and their meaning. Reading comprehension disabilities on the other hand, involve an impairment of complex thinking skills that are necessary to understand words, phrases or overall themes of paragraphs.

Children affected by dyslexia, usually exhibit difficulties with accurate fluent word recognition, poor spelling, decoding, etc. They may also find it difficult to read comprehension or generally have problems with reading itself. In other words, they are unable to break down and understand language and its nuances.

Dysgraphia or learning disabilities in writing is another common problem faced by kids. This condition refers to a neurologically based difficulty with producing written words and letters. Children with Dysgraphia often find it difficult to form letters or write within a defined space. They also struggle physically to make letters. Today though, assistive technology may be used by parents to help such kids deal with their problems better.

Children, who have trouble with math calculation or problem solving, are considered to be suffering from Dyscalculia. Kids suffering from this condition, find it difficult to grasp basic concepts of math; even after being given appropriate instructions.

Learning disabilities may also extend to the language and communication skills of a child. Students with this particular disability, often find it hard to understand or produce spoken language; or both. Those with receptive language disorder may also have problems understanding spoken or written language.

Behavioral problems are a part of learning disabilities as well. At times, the issue may be closely related to medical conditions such as attention deficit disorders. In other cases, it may be triggered by frustration with learning as a result of traumatic or upsetting circumstances at home, school or both.

In recent times, many children have been diagnosed with multiple disabilities instead of a single one. However, with proper professional guidance and techniques; these problems can be handled successfully by both parent and child.