Mental Health And Developmental Disabilities


Developmental disabilities refer to impairment at the mental or physical level. It works as a stumbling block for the development of an individual and may occur before, during, or after birth and manifests before adulthood. This impairment may be mild-to-severe. But the complications at the mental level are considered more problematic as it jeopardizes the mental health of the person affected and he is not able to perform functions of a daily living.

He may develop language and cognition problem, lacks the ability to support himself and does not have the capacity to judge his conduct. He may have psychic problems too. There are a number of factors which may endanger mental health in a developmental disability condition. Any traumatic event, lack of education, opportunities, poverty, some genetic or biological factors like brain injury may alter the mental health condition, causing severe or mild intellectual disability. Difficulties in diagnosis may further worsen the mental health condition of a patient.

Status of mental health can be easily measured by an intelligence test. If a person scores less than average marks in the test he will be considered intellectually-challenged. More importantly, if he is not able to behave in a proper manner and can't get along with the social norms to a certain extent, he is said to have retarded mental condition. Mental health condition may get affected before the age of 18 years. Most common causes of mental health retardation among children have been found to be related to genetic conditions such as Patau syndrome, fetal alcohol syndrome or x-chromosome syndrome.

Attitude of a common man towards the mentally-challenged individual varies. Some of them may be kind or apprehensive but some might abuse them. But intellectually-challenged people can lead a healthy life because there are many federal schemes in America providing proper economic and emotional support for them.