Dealing With Disability In Our Society

Disabilities amongst people are a major cause of concern in enlightened and civilized countries. Disabled people constitute a significant part of the population in every country. In order to address the socio-economic problems created by disability, it is important to define the scope and nature of disability.

What exactly is a disability?

There is no stereotyped definition of disability. When we refer to a certain person as disabled, it usually covers a large number of possible conditions. Disability implies a physical, cognitive or psychological impairment that results in a person’s incapability to perform as a fully functional human being.

There are many forms of physical and mental impairments all of which can be broadly classified as a disability.

Disabled people are people who lack one or more of the faculties that normal people  possess. This leads to their victimization in the society in more ways than one. They are never considered to be a par with other people. And consequently they are deprived of many of the basic amenities of life.

Disability can be of various types. Two forms of disability are autism and cerebral palsy.  An autistic child never attains the desired level of development in life. Same is the case with the victims of cerebral palsy. These two medical conditions may be either genetic or acquired soon after birth.

Disabilities can be in the form of developmental or learning difficulties such as dyslexia, dysgraphia, dyscalculia and dyspraxia.

Disabled people require specialized teaching, care, assistance and in extreme cases, institutionalization.

The government has passed a number of acts and set up various programs to help the disabled. Disabled people need to have access not only to facilities, but also to opportunities in employment and education. They need to be given chances to be productive members of society and to enjoy themselves.