Mobility Disability- A Tough Situation To Cope With


Mobility is the key to a long and healthy life. If a person is mobile, he can take care of himself and do all that is considered as normal to live a human life. But, immobility not only hinders the everyday life but also causes the bones and joints to weaken and decline due to lack of movement. Their deterioration always paves way to a multitude of other health issues. Moreover, this disability takes away all the motivation. Mobility disability is a condition not only of the old but is widely seen in children and young people too.

Mobility disabilities can occur due to many reasons and they may be temporary, intermittent to permanent as well. The most common permanent disorders include musculoskeletal impairments like severe spinal injury, multiple sclerosis, paralysis, cerebral palsy and head injury. Apart from these, conditions such as cardiac disease may also induce physical immobility. All the above mentioned conditions take away the strength, endurance and coordination required for proper functioning of the locomotory organs.

A wide range of people come under the class of mobility impairment. Some of them have problems in the upper limb mobility, manual agility and co-ordination. A person can be born with such a disability or can develop it due to certain illness like Parkinson's disease or a stroke. When the muscle fibers in the body slowly weaken, muscular dystrophy sets in.

Impacts of mobility disability may or may not be visible. A person suffering from such impairments may be unable to walk and he may have to use devices such as walking sticks, wheel chairs, crutches etc. In some cases, he might need an attendant to take care of him personally.

In some of the immobility conditions such as trauma from accidents or cerebral palsy, there are chances of associated impairments. They may take a toll on the vision or speech. Nevertheless, there are less evident results. If a person has had head injury, balance, fine motor control, and most often concentration may be hampered. Apart from it, exhaustion is always associated with it.

The primary concern with mobility disability is access. People with such disabilities may also get fatigued easily. They may take extra time in completeing tasks. Accessible locations and aids are required for such people to help them stay motivated and fight with their condition.

Mobility disability and dependence are grave and recurrent, undesirable health results associated with aging. Falling is one of the major reasons leading to mobility impairment in older people. This is because of the loss of muscle flexibility which is responsible for maintaining the body balance. Regular exercise, healthy diet can greatly reduce the risk of mobility loss in elderly people.