Teaching Development Strategies To The Disabled


A disabled individual is one who lacks the ability to lead a healthy and normal life. Such an individual may be both mentally and physically challenged. Since they may be  physically or mentally impaired they cannot  take decisions on their own and at times do not have the ability to express themselves.

Proper care and guidance needs to be exercised to ensure that they learn and are able to function and interact in society as normal individuals, to the maximum extent possible. A number of teaching strategies have been formulated to help the disabled in the learning process.

Developmentally disabled children usually perform better if they have a clear cut idea of their schedules and routine. A visual schedule always prepares the students and teachers to adapt to the schedule in the best manner possible.

Instructions given to the disabled students should be clearly defined by drawings so that they do not depend entirely on auditory stimulations. His activities should be visually structured to make his tasks  clear.

Many students may have auditory or verbal disability. To augment their communication skill the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) and voice communication devices may prove very useful.

Strong visual structures and small stories explaining very clearly, relevant social situations may help a lot in improving social skills among developmentally disabled individuals.

Patients having sensory needs may benefit by an occupational therapist that can use well structured sensory profiles  meant for retarded individuals.

Literacy guidelines: Literary instructions may be very useful for the literate handicaps because it help augment their communication skills

Consistency: Consistency in training and teaching will give the expected result.