Self Management For Developmentally Disabled


The process of getting self-autonomy and independence is called self-management. The concept of self-management is very significant for the mentally and physically challenged people. A disabled individual requires emotional, moral, and physical support and compassion in every walk of life.

But once he gains the ability of self-management, he no longer requires constant support.  The main purpose of the concept self-management is aimed at transferring the responsibility of supervision and control from parent to self. The concept of self-management helps a physically or mentally disabled person to lead day-to-day life successfully.

The concept of self-management emphasizes three factors. These are self- monitoring, self- appraisal, and self- reinforcement. Self-monitoring as a concept teaches a mentally retarded person to become aware of his own conduct. In this, behavior is the target. Human behavior, like futility of shouting aimlessly or hitting others, is rationally explained to the disabled. The individual is taught to observe the target behavior, initially, after short interval, and then after long interval.

For this purpose, a clock or table watch may be used to remind the person at equal interval about his or her irrational behavior, and impress upon him the need to behave in a more socially acceptable manner. Next comes self-appraisal. In self-appraisal, the patient engaged in learning self-management does self–evaluation of target behavior. To improve the disabled individual's target behavior, a trainer constantly monitors the target behavior.  

Last but not least is the self-enforcement mechanism. Through self-reinforcement, the disabled has the option of choosing the reward on achieving the target behavior goal.