The Disability Rights Movement Is A Success In The Us!


After the Second World War, the disability rights campaign in the US began. The campaign facilitates replacing the earlier medical framework of disability with the minority model of disability which viewed the disabled community as a minority group, giving a fresh lease of life to the definition of disability.

The earlier medical model delineated disability as a physical, psycho-social and vocational restriction resulting from sickness or injury. It also identified the problems with the persons for whom it prescribed medical treatment of the disability towards a cure or at least to correct individual functioning as the appropriate solution.

On the other hand, the minority model maintained that restrictions in societal and vocational functioning weren’t the sole and inevitable consequence of physical disability alone but were also a product of the deficiencies in the architectural and social surroundings and environment.

In the US, the disability rights campaign became a force to be reckoned with in the 1970s and  was inspired by the models of the Afro-American civil rights and women’s rights drives which began in the late 1960s. It should be remembered that the strength of the disability rights movement can be traced to it originating in reaction to a historical legacy of discrimination and segregation.

The disability rights cause aims to better the quality of living of people with disabilities. In order to provide numerous disability aids, a detectable alteration is the installing of lifts and elevators, wheelchair ramps and curb cuts, permitting people in wheelchairs and with other mobility disabilities to use public pavements and public passage more easily and more safely.

Adaptive products and devices based on adaptive technologies, assistive helps and services, and architectural alterations and modifications, for instance Braille markers, sign-language translators, and ramps, are considered particularly beneficial to those who are essentially dependent. Equal access has now moved beyond mere welfare notions by considering these provisions as fair adjustments for dissimilar ways of performance.

Adaptive applied science and engineering technologies are now enabling disabled people to work jobs they forced out previously, helping create access to jobs and bringing in greater economic independence for the disabled.

Traditionally, many civil rights activists earlier had largely advocated differential handling of the disabled minority as a temporary remedial solution to accomplish equality. However, now the politically oriented disability rights activists advocate that for individuals with disabilities, lasting differential treatment in the form of accessibility and reasonable adjustments was legitimate as it was essential to accomplish and sustain equal access and thus equal opportunity for the broad involvement and full participation of the disabled in society.

The prime attention of activists for the rights of people with physical handicaps was drawn to the issues of approach to public and private buildings and general architectural adjustments towards disability friendly civil construction laws and rules to provide for people who are less mobile or dexterous. Particularly, they urged the inclusion of wheelchair ramps, automatic and wide doors and corridors, and the elimination of unneeded steps where ramps, elevators or lifts were not available.

The disability rights movement has demanded federal protection against discrimination in educational activities, employment, access to buildings and public utilities including transportation, and government-funded activities. These movements have supported and helped individuals with disabilities to live and contribute as more active participants in society.