Protecting The Rights Of The Disabled


The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)  has been formed under the U.S. Department of Justice during the second session of Congress in Washington DC on 23 January 1990. This crucial and noble step was taken to protect the rights of disabled persons in America.

Before this point in time, there was a lot of ambiguity on disability law. The lack of a single legislation on disability law was largely responsible for this situation.

This act was a single umbrella for disability law and sought to prohibit any discrimination against the disabled.

A disabled person has to undergo the trauma of not only a disability, but also of readjusting life to unforeseen circumstances. Discrimination in terms of denied opportunities in employment and public life add to the trauma and increase their feeling of frustration and uncertainty.

Another legislation called the Disability Discrimination Act was passed in 1995. This act strengthened the basic provisions of the ADA. This act made it obligatory for the premises of public places to make special provisions for the disabled.

This act makes provisions for disabled persons in areas such as

Public Transport
Authorities managing public transport should make special provisions for the disabled and are liable to be held responsible if they fail to meet such obligations.

Property Rights
The law also provides rights for the disabled when they take up rented accommodation. Property owners must make special provisions for the tenants if they suffer from a disability.

Equality in Private Clubs
Private clubs cannot restrict the entry of a disabled person based on disability. If any club has the provisions for 25 to 30 members, they must also make space for disabled.

Extra Health Protection: If a person is disabled and at the same time is suffering from any kind of disease like HIV or multiple sclerosis or cancer they must be given protection from health authorities.