With American Disabilities Act, No Discrimination Against The Disabled Is Possible!

In a democratic set up, everybody should have equal opportunities, be it in education, employment or recreation. It was noted that many Americans who were physically or mentally disable, were secluded and segregated from the rest of the society.

They had to face prejudice in critical areas such as employment, public accommodations, education, transportation, communication, recreation, health services, voting, and even access to public services. As for as the people who were discriminated against based on caste, color, religion, age, or nation have all legal rights to fight it, but the disabled were deprived of any legal recourse to fight against such discriminations.

The American Disabilities Act is such civil law that provides clear, strong, reliable, enforceable standards, dealing with discrimination against individuals with disabilities. The American Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA), which came in affect in 1992, forbids employers, employment agencies, labor unions and even state and local governments, from discriminating against eligible individuals with disabilities in employment applications, hiring, firing, promotions, lay off, compensation, job training, leaves, and other privileges of employment.

- As per the ADA norms, a person is considered disabled if he has-

A physical or mental impairment that significantly restricts one or more major life activities.
- A record of such an impairment, or
- Is regarded as having any of the impairments.

The title I of American with Disabilities Act covered employers with 25 or more employees as of July 26, 1992. From the beginning of July 26, 1994, employers with 15 or more employees were covered under ADA.

The American Disabilities Act does not cover individuals who are currently engaged in the illegal use of drugs. The ADA provides enough liberty to the employers to ask about qualified disable individual’s ability to perform specific job functions. They are however prohibited to ask about the existence, nature or severity of a disability.